According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), bicyclists should do the following to ensure their safety while riding:
- Wear a Properly Fitted Bicycle Helmet: Protect your brain, save your life. Invest in a high-quality helmet that is fitted for you.
- Adjust Your Bicycle: Stand over your bicycle. The seat should be evenly leveled from front t back, and its height should be adjusted to allow room for your knee t slightly bend when it is fully extended. The handlebar height should b at the same level as the seat.
- Check Your Equipment: Before you begin your ride, check your bicycle to make sure that the brake is functioning properly and that the tires are fully inflated.
- Wear Reflective Gear: Being visible to other pedestrians, motorists, and bicyclists is essential to remain safe while on the road. Wear bright colors and attach flashing lights or reflective tape to your gear or your bicycle.
- Follow the Rules of the Road: Ride your bicycle as if you were driving a vehicle. Ride on the right side of the road in the same direction as other vehicles; ride with the flow of traffic, not against it; obey all traffic signals, signs, and lane markings; and, yield to oncoming traffic and pedestrians.
- Keep Your Eyes and Ears Open: Pay attention to any obstacles that may appear on the road that could make you lose control of your bicycles such as potholes, wet leaves, or loose gravel. Avoid using headphones or eyewear that impedes your peripheral vision.
- Be Aware of Parked Cars: Parked cars can be dangerous too! Ride far enough away from the curb s that you can avoid doors opening abruptly and cars leaving their parking spots without signaling.
Always remember that while on the road, regardless of whether you are a pedestrian, motorist, or bicyclist: courtesy is cool.